INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN AND RESOURCE MATERIALS FOR ENHANCING CHARACTER AND VALUES AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS STUDENTS IN DELTA STATE

Igben, O. Morrison
Keywords: Character, Value, Instructional design, Virtues, Material resources and Trait
Journal of Inter-Disciplinary Studies on Contemporary Issues 2020 6(2), 82-98. Published: March 11, 2023


Abstract

This study investigated instructional design and resource materials for enhancing character and values among senior secondary school students in Delta State. Four research questions were raised to guide this study and all four questions were hypothesized and tested at a significance level of 0.05. The design of the study is descriptive survey which permits the researcher to describe conditions as they exist in their natural setting. The population of the study comprised of all public secondary school teachers in Delta State. The sample size for the study constitutes five hundred and ten (510) teachers using the multistage sampling techniques. The instrument for data collection is the questionnaire developed by the researcher and validated by experts in measurement and evaluation and curriculum and instruction. Data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation to answer the research questions raised and z-test to test the null hypotheses at a significant level of 0.05. The result of the study among others showed that: there is no significant difference between male and female teachers on the key character traits to be enhanced among secondary school students in Delta State, there is no significant difference between male and female teachers on the key values to be enhanced among secondary school students in Delta State, there is no significant difference between male and female teachers on the instructional design for enhancing character and values among secondary school students in Delta State and equally indicated that there is no significant difference between male and female teachers on the resource materials for enhancing character and values among secondary school students in Delta State. Based on these findings, the researcher recommended that the government should provide funds to schools for procurement of resource materials that can enhance good character and value among secondary school students and there is the need to train teachers via seminars, conferences and workshop on the essential steps on instructional design required to execute explicit concepts in character and value development.