INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS PRACTICES IN THE OIL AND GAS SECTOR IN A DEPRESSED NIGERIAN ECONOMY: A SEARCH FOR A MUTUALLY ACCEPTABLE OUTCOME
Samuel J. Eshenake (Ph.D)
Journal of Inter-Disciplinary Studies on Contemporary Issues 2016 2(1), 79-93. Published: July 22, 2016
This paper reviews industrial relations practices in the oil and gas sector of the economy among the social partners, with emphasis on the collective bargaining option and search for a mutually acceptable outcome for the social partners especially in this period when economy is in recession. The paper established the importance of the oil and gas sector to an economy and the need to maintain industrial harmony in the sector. The paper further argued that the economic recession has created more challenges for industrial relations in the sector. The meaning and of industrial relations was examined and the state of industrial relations in the sector was identified. Industrial management options were reviewed with emphasis on collective bargaining, being an option canvassed by the Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC) and International Labour Organisation (ILO). The challenges facing collective bargaining in the oil and gas sector were enumerated to include fear of official victimization/intimidation by government among others. Recommendations that will enhance a mutually acceptable outcome by the social partners were made including arrangements that will allow workers buy reasonable shares in the national assets, if they are eventually sold.